The health sector is one of the most important sectors in any country, and it has a great impact on its economy, social life, and culture. It plays an essential role in improving the quality of life of people and their families. The history of medicine is very long and goes back to ancient times. In this regard, we can find many historical figures who have changed the world of medicine. These include
The individual who was considered the father of modern medicine was born in the island of Kos in Greece. He was the first person to write about diseases and their causes. Additionally, he introduced the concept of “four humors,” which were later replaced by the theory of blood circulation.
- Galen (131-200 AD)
He was born in Pergamum in Asia Minor. His knowledge in anatomy and physiology was so much that he could perform surgery on animals. Moreover, his work on pulse affected the development of medical science until today.
- Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)
She was a German Benedictine abbess. Her book titled “Scivias” contained detailed information about herbal cures. This book was influential in Renaissance Europe and had a major influence on European alchemy.
- Paracelsus (1493-1541)
He was born under the sign of Sagittarius and ruled over Pisces. He was a physician, philosopher, astrologer, chemist, physicist, geologist, botanist, zoologist, and also a mystic. He was known for his chemistry, medicine, and natural philosophy contributions.
- Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
He was born on Christmas Day 1642 in England. He was famous for developing calculus, the branch of mathematics dealing with infinite series, and the laws of motion. He invented the reflecting telescope and the law of universal gravitation.
- Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
He was born on May 6, 1856, in Moravia. He developed psychoanalysis and influenced both psychiatry and psychology. He is best known for introducing the idea of defense mechanisms and the unconscious mind.
- Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
He was born as a child of poor farmers but became a renowned microbiologist and immunologist. For his contribution, he received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1908.
- Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
He was born as a child in Ulm, Germany. He worked in Prague, Berlin, Zurich, and Paris, where he met Marie Curie, who would become his wife. In the health sector, he developed special relativity, photoelectric effect, Brownian movement, Bose-Einstein condensate, and more.
- Nikola Tesla (1856-1943)
He was born during the winter solstice when the Sun enters Capricorn. He was a Serbian-American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist. He contributed a lot to the design and development of the AC motor and polyphase system.
- Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
He was born from humble beginnings; his father was a farm laborer, and his mother was a dressmaker. After having graduated college, he started out as a young naturalist and led the voyage of HMS Beagle around the world. During the trip, he collected specimens, gathered notes, and created a library of books and papers. On return, he wrote two books: “On the Origin of Species” and “The Voyage of the Beagle.”