Finding Many Exoplanets and Examining the Exoplanets

When multiple scientists find an exoplanet, the experts can utilize cutting-edge equipment that will examine the orbit of the exoplanet, the atmosphere of the planet, the size of the planet and the gravity. The scientists may estimate the temperature of the exoplanet, and if the planet is located within the habitable zone, the experts could also study organic gases that are situated in the atmosphere. Additionally, the scientists may search for other planets that orbit the same star, and the experts could examine the light curve of the star, the movements of the star and the velocity of the exoplanet.

Evaluating the Atmosphere of an Exoplanet

The scientists can utilize advanced telescopes that will examine the levels of gases within the atmosphere. If the atmosphere contains extra carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas could substantially increase the temperature of the planet, and the gas may also benefit extraterrestrial plants that are located on the exoplanet. The scientists might also search for methane because many organic creatures emit methane. Usually, methane is a volatile gas, so if a planet’s atmosphere has a substantial amount of methane, a local source must replenish the methane that is situated in the atmosphere.

The experts may also evaluate the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere. Most plants can naturally produce a large amount of oxygen, and when an atmosphere has high levels of oxygen, the gas could indicate that the planet contains extraterrestrial plants.

Examining the Equilibrium Temperature and the Average Temperature

The scientists can evaluate the luminosity of the star, the size of the star and the temperature of the star. The experts may also examine the orbit of the planet, and subsequently, the specialists could determine the equilibrium temperature of the planet. When the scientists complete these calculations, the experts will discount the atmosphere of the planet. Once the scientists implement this strategy, the specialists could find planets that are located within the habitable zone.

Before the experts estimate the average temperature of the planet, the specialists may examine the orbit of the planet, the eccentricity of the orbit, the size of the planet and the atmosphere of the planet. The scientists can search for planets that have substantial levels of greenhouse gases, and the specialists could examine atmospheres that contain water vapor, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and methane. If the atmosphere has high levels of greenhouse gases, the atmosphere could trap a large amount of heat. When a planet has a low equilibrium temperature, the greenhouse gases may increase the habitability of the planet, stabilize the temperature and protect the atmosphere.