The world’s deepest subway station, Arsenalna, is located a little more than a mile southeast of the city center of Kiev, Ukraine’s capital. Its depth has been measured at 346 feet below the surface. Meanwhile, the deepest station in the London Underground is the Hampstead tube station, which lies 192 feet below the surface. The deepest New York City Subway is 191st Street at a depth of 180 feet.
What causes Arsenalna’s extreme depth, which is so deep that it takes about five minutes to take two escalator rides to get from outside to the platform? The main issue is the steep topography west of the Dnieper River. Designers didn’t want trains to descend too rapidly from this station to the river crossing, so they built Arsenalna deep under ground as a result. In fact, the next station on the line, Dnipro, which is the final one before it crosses the river, is situated above ground.
Arsenalna is also one of Kiev Metro’s busiest stations as it handles more than 25,000 passengers each day. This is due to how central its location is as well as its proximity to places like the Motherland Monument, the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War and Kiev Pechersk Lavra.
This station opened on Nov. 6, 1960, with the rest of the Kiev Metro, which was then comprised of five stations, less than 1/10th of the 52 that exist now. Today, Arsenalna is part of the 14-mile, 18-station Sviatoshynsko-Brovarska Line, which runs east to west with most of its route situated west of the Dnieper River.
Although Kiev Metro may be home to the deepest station, it is not home to the deepest system as a whole. That goes to Russia’s Saint Petersburg Metro, where the average station is 187 feet below ground level.